Active call

The Arla Food for Health (AFH) Centre is pleased to launch the 4th call for ‘Expressions of Interest’, EOI, for research projects to be funded in 2018. Within this fourth call, the overall theme is: ‘dairy through life’.

Milk, and dairy-derived ingredients, contain a variety of important nutrients including protein, calcium, potassium, phosphorous and iodine, as well as vitamins B2 and B12. Despite its beneficial effects, there is a clear need to unlock knowledge about key pathways for the absorption of milk nutrients as the human body changes from childhood to the elderly years – taking also into consideration dairy as a whole food or as part of a diet, with a special focus on the food matrix on health outcomes and mechanisms of action. More details of the topics and type of applications sought are provided below.

Topics for EOI in the 4th call

The overall theme for this fourth call is ‘dairy through life’ and we welcome applications with a focus on:

  • Dairy through life – Childhood (2 – 10 years): Bone mass attained during early childhood and adolescence is thought to be the most important modifiable risk factor for future bone health. During childhood, muscles as wells as bones continue to grow and develop, and it is important that children have the right nutrients to build strong and healthy bones, and to lay the foundations for lifelong bone health.
    • Topics of interest:
      • (i) Studies showing the interrelation between dairy foods consumption and overall growth in children – preferably via mechanistic and/or human intervention studies. Optimal amount of protein (e.g., overall Nitrogen-input v. output) is of special interest.
      • (ii) Related studies on synergistic effects of dairy with other food components and vitamins (e.g., vitamin D) on bone mass, calcium uptake/balance and mineralisation mechanisms.
  • Dairy through life – Adolescence (11 – 18 years): During adolescence requirements for protein and other nutrients, including calcium, are increased. The reason for the increased calcium need is that adolescents will experience rapid growth as bones begin to grow in length and strengthen. It is estimated for example, that almost 90% of a person’s bone strength will have been achieved by the age of 18.
    • Topics of interest:
      • (iii) The effect of dietary patterns, dairy v. flexitarian and/or vegetarian diets, on metabolic health and musculoskeletal development.
      • (iv) Synergistic effects of dairy with other food components and vitamins (e.g., vitamin D) on bone mass, calcium uptake/balance and mineralisation mechanisms.
  • Dairy through life – Adults (19+ years): Following the mid–thirties it is normal for a person’s body to slowly begin to lose bone and muscle mass. Bone loss can eventually contribute towards making bones more brittle and easily fractured. For women, there is a marked increase in bone loss around the time of the menopause. Adults, however, consume less fluid milk over time.
    • Topics of interest:
      • (v) Human studies to show possible synergistic effects of dairy with other food components and vitamins (e.g., vitamin D) to best protect against the onset of bone loss in post-menopausal women, as measured by key musculoskeletal indicators (e.g., bone density/strength, mobility improvement, etc.)
      • (vi) Randomised Control Trials (RCTs) aimed at demonstrating the mechanisms of fermented dairy (e.g., yogurt) on end points of importance for the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D).
  • Dairy through life – Elderly (65+ years): As we age, food texture and other sensorial properties (e.g., taste) play a significant role in the type of food we consume and relative amounts ingested. In addition, the body’s ability to absorb some nutrients becomes less efficient, so it can be harder to get all the necessary nutrients for good health.
    • Topics of interest:
      • (vii) Human intervention studies to elucidate the physiological mechanisms that explain potential differences and effects of proteins with different characteristics (e.g., native, hydrolysed, heat-treated, particulates, etc.) and from different matrices/sources (e.g., dairy v. plants) in relation to musculoskeletal, or gastrointestinal health (e.g., intestinal inflammation and bloating) in elderly individuals;
      • (viii) The interplay of proteins (milk v. plants), calcium (milk v. Ca-citrate) and vitamin D absorption in maintaining bone health (e.g., bone density/strength and muscle strength) in elderly individuals.

 

Download the full call as a PDF

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